大疆航拍 APP
<p style=""><span style="font-size:14px;">    </span><span style="font-size:14px;">拍摄当天天色已晚,光线散乱且弱,背景杂乱且下雪量不足,以上各种原因导致一个结果——翻车!放了一段时间,闲的</span><span style="font-size:14px;">…</span><span style="font-size:14px;">疼,于是抠掉背景做了个合成<span style="">,</span><span style=""></span><span style=""></span>下面我们就来说说合成思路。</span></p><p style=""><span style="font-size:14px;"><br/></span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width: 100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/07/2018/0309/15/15205805433468368_178570995.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/07/2018/0309/15/15205805433468368_178570995.jpg" media_id="300528534"/></div><p style=""><span style="font-size:14px;font-weight:bold;"><br/></span></p><p style=""><span style="font-size:14px;font-weight:bold;"></span></p><section class="_135editor" data-tools="135编辑器" data-id="41173" style="border: 0px none;"><p style="margin: 8px 0px 0px; padding: 0px; font-weight: bold; font-size: 16px; line-height: 28px; max-width: 100%; color: #397184; min-height: 32px; border-bottom: 1.5px solid #397184; border-color: #397184; text-align: justify;"><span class="autonum" data-original-title="" placeholder="1" style="color: #ffffff; display: block; float: left; line-height: 20px; margin: 0px 8px 0px 0px; max-width: 100%; padding: 4px 10px; overflow-wrap: break-word !important; background-color: #397184;" title="" aria-describedby="tooltip366610">第一步</span><strong class="135brush" data-brushtype="text" style="border-color: #397184; color: inherit;">做背景溶图</strong></p></section><p style=""><span style="font-size:14px;font-weight:bold;"></span></p><p style=""><span style="font-size:14px;"> </span></p><p style=""><span style="font-size:14px;">    (1)<span style=""></span></span><span style="font-size:14px;">网上找几个景深合适的雪景图按照图片顺序排列好</span><span style="font-size:14px;">(图<span style="">1</span><span style="">)</span></span><span style="font-size:14px;">,然后添加蒙版,用画笔擦掉不需要的部分。给相对后面部分的图片做高斯模糊,用C<span style="">amera Raw</span><span style="">统一几个图片色调</span></span><span style="font-size:14px;">(图<span style="">2</span><span style="">)。</span></span></p><p style=""><span style="font-size:14px;"> </span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width: 100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/58/2018/0309/15/15205805559643407_178570995.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/58/2018/0309/15/15205805559643407_178570995.jpg" media_id="300528537"/></div><p style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-size: 12px; color: #A5A5A5;">(图一)</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 12px; color: #A5A5A5;"></span><br/></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width: 100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/16/2018/0309/15/15205805883825048_178570995.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/16/2018/0309/15/15205805883825048_178570995.jpg" media_id="300528544"/></div><p style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-size: 12px; color: #A5A5A5;">(图二)</span><span style="font-size:14px;"><br/></span></p><p><span style="font-size:14px;"><br/></span></p><p style=""><span style="font-size:14px;">    (2)<span style="">用左图做远山,复制一张水平翻转,做高斯模糊,数值</span><span style="">7-8</span><span style="">左右,把两张图合成一组,在组别上做蒙版,用画笔工具擦掉不需要的部分;降低画笔不透明度和流量,把天空部分也稍做擦拭。</span></span></p><p style=""><span style="font-size:14px;"><span style=""><br/></span></span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width: 100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/66/2018/0309/15/15205805996951207_178570995.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/66/2018/0309/15/15205805996951207_178570995.jpg" media_id="300528545"/></div><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width: 100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/07/2018/0309/15/15205806051909656_178570995.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/07/2018/0309/15/15205806051909656_178570995.jpg" media_id="300528546"/></div><p style=""><span style="font-size:14px;"><br/></span></p><p style=""><span style="font-size:14px;"><span style="">    (3)新建一层空白图层,填充黑色,用圆角画笔,颜色</span><span style="">a400f9</span><span style="">,画笔像素大小适合画面大小,</span>在图中点一下画一个渐变紫色光,然后混合模式改成滤色(如下图)。</span></p><p style=""><span style="font-size:14px;"><br/></span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width: 100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/91/2018/0309/15/15205806163437540_178570995.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/91/2018/0309/15/15205806163437540_178570995.jpg" media_id="300528547"/></div><p style=""><span style="font-size:14px;"><br/></span></p><p style=""><span style="font-size:14px;">    于是背景层就差不多做完了,然后背景图层合并成组,暂时关掉,接下来,我们做人物部分。</span></p><p style=""><span style="font-size:14px;"><br/></span></p><p style=""><span style="font-size:14px;font-weight:bold;"></span></p><section class="_135editor" data-tools="135编辑器" data-id="41173" style="border: 0px none;"><p style="margin: 8px 0px 0px; padding: 0px; font-weight: bold; font-size: 16px; line-height: 28px; max-width: 100%; color: #397184; min-height: 32px; border-bottom: 1.5px solid #397184; border-color: #397184; text-align: justify;"><span class="autonum" data-original-title="" placeholder="1" style="color: #ffffff; display: block; float: left; line-height: 20px; margin: 0px 8px 0px 0px; max-width: 100%; padding: 4px 10px; overflow-wrap: break-word !important; background-color: #397184;" title="">第二步</span><strong class="135brush" data-brushtype="text" style="border-color: #397184; color: inherit;">给人物脸部重做光影</strong></p></section><p style=""><span style="font-size:14px;font-weight:bold;"></span></p><p style=""><span style="font-size:14px;"> </span></p><p style=""><span style="font-size:14px;">    首先,当然要把人物抠出来<span style="">(</span><span style="">我一般习惯于用板子</span><span style="">+</span><span style="">钢笔)</span>;其次,分析原图,因为我原图拍摄略背光,人物面部偏暗<span style="">+</span><span style="">平。</span>于是在用画笔<span style="">+</span><span style="">曲线工具等增加人物立体感。</span></span></p><p style=""><span style="font-size:14px;"> </span></p><p style=""><span style="font-size:14px;"><span style="">    (1)在抠出来的照片上新建一个图层混合模式改成柔光,用画笔工具柔光笔在亮部刷白色,暗部刷黑色(不透明度在</span><span style="">9-20</span><span style="">之间,流量在</span><span style="">30</span><span style="">左右,试到自己满意的效果就够了)。</span></span></p><p style=""><span style="font-size:14px;"><span style=""><br/></span></span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width: 100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/38/2018/0309/15/15205806353380240_178570995.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/38/2018/0309/15/15205806353380240_178570995.jpg" media_id="300528548"/></div><p style=""><span style="font-size:14px;"><br/></span></p><p style=""><span style="font-size:14px;"><span style="">    (2)合成</span><span style="">1</span><span style="">组,在组上做一个曲线调整层,然后</span><span style="">ctrl+alt+g</span><span style="">(创建剪切蒙版);拉高曲线(提亮),然后</span><span style="">ctrl+delete</span><span style="">填充蒙版(背景色设置为黑色),再用画笔工具在蒙版上继续擦出亮部。</span>蒙版效果如下图:</span></p><p style=""><span style="font-size:14px;"><br/></span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width: 100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/27/2018/0309/15/15205806451299683_178570995.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/27/2018/0309/15/15205806451299683_178570995.jpg" media_id="300528550"/></div><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width: 100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/34/2018/0309/15/15205806553689624_178570995.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/34/2018/0309/15/15205806553689624_178570995.jpg" media_id="300528551"/></div><p style=""><span style="font-size:14px;font-weight:bold;"><br/></span></p><p style=""><span style="font-size:14px;font-weight:bold;"></span></p><section class="_135editor" data-tools="135编辑器" data-id="41173" style="border: 0px none;"><p style="margin: 8px 0px 0px; padding: 0px; font-weight: bold; font-size: 16px; line-height: 28px; max-width: 100%; color: #397184; min-height: 32px; border-bottom: 1.5px solid #397184; border-color: #397184; text-align: justify;"><span class="autonum" data-original-title="" placeholder="1" style="color: #ffffff; display: block; float: left; line-height: 20px; margin: 0px 8px 0px 0px; max-width: 100%; padding: 4px 10px; overflow-wrap: break-word !important; background-color: #397184;" title="">第三步</span><strong class="135brush" data-brushtype="text" style="border-color: #397184; color: inherit;">给眼睛换色+加高光</strong></p></section><p style=""><span style="font-size:14px;font-weight:bold;"><span style=""></span></span></p><p style=""><span style="font-size:14px;font-weight:bold;"> </span></p><p style=""><span style="font-size:14px;">    (1)<span style="">在第二步完成后盖印人物图层,背景图层组依旧关闭。然后磨皮一下,在此图层上做一个曲线调整层,</span><span style="">RGB</span><span style="">数值设置如图所示,然后激活蒙版,</span><span style="">Ctrl+Delete</span><span style="">把蒙版变成黑色哒,然后用画笔工具在黑眼仁自然擦出如图蓝色的样子。</span></span></p><p style=""><span style="font-size:14px;"><span style=""><br/></span></span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width: 100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/33/2018/0309/15/15205806641016086_178570995.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/33/2018/0309/15/15205806641016086_178570995.jpg" media_id="300528552"/></div><p style=""><span style="font-size:14px;"><br/></span></p><p style=""><span style="font-size:14px;"><span style="">    (2)用矩形工具画出</span><span style="">1.2</span><span style="">两个四边形图层,激活变形成如图的样子,添加蒙版,擦掉多余部分,然后混合模式改成叠加(高光的不透明度为</span><span style="">90</span><span style="">左右,反光的不透明度为</span><span style="">60</span><span style="">左右)。</span></span></p><p style=""><span style="font-size:14px;"><span style=""><br/></span></span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width: 100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/74/2018/0309/15/15205806731947572_178570995.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/74/2018/0309/15/15205806731947572_178570995.jpg" media_id="300528553"/></div><p style=""><span style="font-size:14px;"><br/></span></p><p style=""><span style="font-size:14px;"><span style="">    (3)新建一个空白图层(</span><span style="">3</span><span style="">),在图层上用白色画笔,沿着上图所示区域画出</span><span style="">3</span><span style="">部分,然后做杂色</span><span style="">-</span><span style="">添加杂色</span><span style="">-</span><span style="">高斯分布</span><span style="">-</span><span style="">单色。做完把混合模式改成滤色,不透明度改成</span><span style="">50</span><span style="">左右。</span></span></p><p style=""><span style="font-size:14px;"><span style=""><br/></span></span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width: 100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/33/2018/0309/15/15205806832027501_178570995.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/33/2018/0309/15/15205806832027501_178570995.jpg" media_id="300528554"/></div><p style=""><span style="font-size:14px;"><br/></span></p><p style=""><span style="font-size:14px;">    以上,两只眼睛相同操作,然后完成!完成之后调整一下人物整体色调,<span style="">Camera Raw</span><span style="">啊,可选颜色啊,照片滤镜啊,曲线啊,随意调,使人物跟跟背景色比较融合就好!</span></span></p><p style=""><span style="font-size:14px;"><span style=""><br/></span></span></p><p style=""><span style="font-size:14px;font-weight:bold;"></span></p><section class="_135editor" data-tools="135编辑器" data-id="41173" style="border: 0px none;"><p style="margin: 8px 0px 0px; padding: 0px; font-weight: bold; font-size: 16px; line-height: 28px; max-width: 100%; color: #397184; min-height: 32px; border-bottom: 1.5px solid #397184; border-color: #397184; text-align: justify;"><span class="autonum" data-original-title="" placeholder="1" style="color: #ffffff; display: block; float: left; line-height: 20px; margin: 0px 8px 0px 0px; max-width: 100%; padding: 4px 10px; overflow-wrap: break-word !important; background-color: #397184;" title="">第四步</span><strong class="135brush" data-brushtype="text" style="border-color: #397184; color: inherit;">做身前后雪景+飘纱</strong></p></section><p style=""><span style="font-size:14px;font-weight:bold;"><span style=""></span></span></p><p style=""><span style="font-size:14px;font-weight:bold;"> </span></p><p style=""><span style="font-size:14px;">    (1)<span style="">这一步比较简单,把雪景放到适合位置,差不多盖掉一点裙子,注意鞋尖附近用笔刷刷一点雪沫,武器插入雪中部分刷一点雪沫,身后雪由身前雪景图复制一层,擦掉其他的就留一丢丢(随便哪一丢丢,调试的时候可以暂时打开背景组,对比融合度)。</span></span></p><p style=""><span style="font-size:14px;"><span style=""><br/></span></span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width: 100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/42/2018/0309/15/15205807351744925_178570995.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/42/2018/0309/15/15205807351744925_178570995.jpg" media_id="300528560"/></div><p style=""><span style="font-size:14px;"><br/></span></p><p style=""><span style="font-size:14px;"><span style="">    (2)然后把第二、三、四(</span><span style="">1</span><span style="">)步合成一组,命名“前景”,打开背景组。网上下载飘纱素材,在前景组前一层置入前飘纱,前景组后一层置入后飘纱,前飘纱去掉左边多余部分。前后飘纱都做液化,变形等。</span></span></p><p style=""><span style="font-size:14px;"><span style=""><br/></span></span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width: 100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/57/2018/0309/15/15205807129793650_178570995.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/57/2018/0309/15/15205807129793650_178570995.jpg" media_id="300528557"/></div><p style=""><span style="font-size:14px;"><br/></span></p><p style=""><span style="font-size:14px;"><span style="">    (3)前飘纱添加蒙版,刷出需要的透明感,然后再转化为只能对象,</span><span style="">camera raw</span><span style="">调整颜色跟后飘纱统一,再做高斯模糊,控制画笔不透明度,擦掉多余的模糊部分(</span><span style="">1</span><span style="">全模糊,</span><span style="">80%</span><span style="">透明,</span><span style="">2</span><span style="">稍稍模糊到不模糊,在暗部刷透明。</span><span style="">3</span><span style="">不透明但是模糊)。</span>后飘纱从透明模糊—不透明不模糊的渐变:</span></p><p style=""><span style="font-size:14px;"><br/></span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width: 100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/80/2018/0309/15/15205807278362377_178570995.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/80/2018/0309/15/15205807278362377_178570995.jpg" media_id="300528559"/></div><p style=""><span style="font-size:14px;font-weight:bold;"><br/></span></p><p style=""><span style="font-size:14px;font-weight:bold;"></span></p><section class="_135editor" data-tools="135编辑器" data-id="41173" style="border: 0px none;"><p style="margin: 8px 0px 0px; padding: 0px; font-weight: bold; font-size: 16px; line-height: 28px; max-width: 100%; color: #397184; min-height: 32px; border-bottom: 1.5px solid #397184; border-color: #397184; text-align: justify;"><span class="autonum" data-original-title="" placeholder="1" style="color: #ffffff; display: block; float: left; line-height: 20px; margin: 0px 8px 0px 0px; max-width: 100%; padding: 4px 10px; overflow-wrap: break-word !important; background-color: #397184;" title="">第五步</span><strong class="135brush" data-brushtype="text" style="border-color: #397184; color: inherit;">刷雪花+细节调整</strong></p></section><p style=""><span style="font-size:14px;font-weight:bold;"><span style=""></span></span></p><p style=""><span style="font-size:14px;"><br/></span></p><p style=""><span style="font-size:14px;">    (1)<span style="">新建一层,用雪花笔刷,前景色白色</span><span style="">:</span><span style="">画笔适合大小,刷出雪花</span><span style="">-</span><span style="">动感模糊(角度</span><span style="">30-60</span><span style="">,距离自己调试),</span><span style="">-</span><span style="">不透明度</span><span style="">80 </span><span style="">再新建一层刷另一个造型雪花,动感模糊比上一层力度小一点再新建一层刷第三个造型雪花,力度比上一层更小……</span>然后合成一组<span style="">-</span><span style="">加蒙版</span><span style="">-</span><span style="">把脸部的雪花稍稍擦掉一些。</span></span></p><p style=""><span style="font-size:14px;"><span style=""><br/></span></span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width: 100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/06/2018/0309/15/15205807484986604_178570995.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/06/2018/0309/15/15205807484986604_178570995.jpg" media_id="300528561"/></div><p style=""><span style="font-size:14px;"><br/></span></p><p style=""><span style="font-size:14px;"><span style="">    (2)用</span><span style="">DR3</span><span style="">增强眼睛模式再调整一下眼睛明暗,用高级锐化锐化一下。</span></span></p><p style=""><span style="font-size:14px;"><span style=""><br/></span></span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width: 100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/22/2018/0309/15/15205807566580593_178570995.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/22/2018/0309/15/15205807566580593_178570995.jpg" media_id="300528562"/></div><p style=""><span style="font-size:14px;"><br/></span></p><p style=""><span style="font-size:14px;"><span style="">    (2)再就是头发啦,眼白啦整体都稍稍调试一下!然后就完成了!</span></span></p><p style=""><span style="font-size:14px;"><span style=""><br/></span></span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width: 100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/29/2018/0309/15/15205807688506914_178570995.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/29/2018/0309/15/15205807688506914_178570995.jpg" media_id="300528563"/></div><p><br/></p>
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