大疆航拍 APP
<p><br/></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">很多人认为中午并不是个拍片的好时段,因为光照太强,反而会失掉很多细节,但是其实只要把握好前期和后期,一样能够产出很优秀的片子,例如这组泰国街头的小清新婚纱照,想知道其中的技巧吗?那就不要走神,接着看下去吧!</span></p><p><br/></p><p><span style="font-size: 18px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);"><strong>一、前期拍摄</strong></span></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">这张照片拍摄于泰国清迈,拍摄的时间是中午十二点左右,中午的光线较强,这时拍出的照片往往阴影较深,对比度较高。很多人对中午的光线有些误区,认为中午光比较大,不适合进行人像创作。其实中午选择适合的场景和角度,避免阳光直射人脸,也是可以拍出很不错的人像作品。而且由于中午光线较强,反射光也比较充分,往往通过后期降提亮阴影、降低对比后,片子会比较通透。这张片子拍摄时用的35MM的定焦镜头,使用光圈是2.0,用大光圈拍摄的目的是为了突出主体,让杂乱的背景稍稍虚化。这张片子我们在前期设计时选择一辆红色泰国双条车作为主要背景,目的是为了和模特穿的婚纱形成鲜明对比,鲜艳的红色配上中性色白色让人视觉上更加舒适,并且红色也为画面增加亮点,色彩搭配比较鲜明。</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">首先我们来看一下原片成片的对比图:</span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/69/2018/0509/16/15258533856239365_200478990.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/69/2018/0509/16/15258533856239365_200478990.jpg" media_id="301438987"/></div><p><span style="font-size: 18px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);"><strong>二、原片分析</strong></span></p><p><span style="font-size: 18px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);"></span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/75/2018/0509/16/15258534091495450_200478990.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/75/2018/0509/16/15258534091495450_200478990.jpg" media_id="301439002"/></div><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/42/2018/0509/16/15258534184520552_200478990.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/42/2018/0509/16/15258534184520552_200478990.jpg" media_id="301439016"/></div><p><span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-size: 16px;">通过观察原片和直方图我们有如下分析:</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">1、这张图的曝光基本准确,虽然整体较暗,但有效的控制了过曝区域,为后期提供了良好的基础。 </span></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">2、人物面部偏暗,反差大,肤色不通透并且发灰。</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">3、颜色不够鲜艳,色彩纯度不够,天空发白,车偏暗。</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">4、画面左边有一根多余的柱子,并且水平线稍微有些倾斜,需要对照片进行剪裁。</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);"><br/></span></p><p><span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0);"><strong><span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-size: 18px;">三、后期思路</span></strong></span></p><p><strong><span style="font-size: 16px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">1、将照片适当裁剪,把多余的物体去掉</span></strong></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">(1)剪裁照片</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);"></span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/20/2018/0509/16/15258534385215795_200478990.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/20/2018/0509/16/15258534385215795_200478990.jpg" media_id="301439017"/></div><p><span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-size: 16px;">把画面多余的柱子给裁掉,减少画面的干扰,让人物主体更突出。</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);"> </span></p><p><strong><span style="font-size: 16px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">2、调整照片影调,找回暗部细节,再进行其他微调</span></strong></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">(1)基本影调调整</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">我们通过LR的基本处理面板调整这张片子的基本影调:</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">①稍微调整曝光,提亮画面</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">②降低高光,防止过曝</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">③拉高阴影,找回暗部细节</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">④提高自然饱和度,使色彩更加鲜艳通透</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);"></span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/65/2018/0509/16/15258534632730068_200478990.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/65/2018/0509/16/15258534632730068_200478990.jpg" media_id="301439018"/></div><p><span style="font-size: 16px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">处理结果如下:</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);"></span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/83/2018/0509/16/15258534739221888_200478990.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/83/2018/0509/16/15258534739221888_200478990.jpg" media_id="301439028"/></div><p><span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-size: 16px;">(2)启用镜头矫正,矫正镜头桶形畸变和暗角</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);"></span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/84/2018/0509/16/15258534941508557_200478990.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/84/2018/0509/16/15258534941508557_200478990.jpg" media_id="301439030"/></div><p><span style="font-size: 16px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">(3)曲线工具进一步微调曝光</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">目的是进一步提亮暗部,增加暗部细节;压暗高光部分防止过曝。</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);"></span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/55/2018/0509/16/15258535622544084_200478990.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/55/2018/0509/16/15258535622544084_200478990.jpg" media_id="301439070"/></div><p><span style="font-size: 16px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">处理结果如下:</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);"></span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/34/2018/0509/16/15258536105119752_200478990.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/34/2018/0509/16/15258536105119752_200478990.jpg" media_id="301439102"/></div><p><strong><span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-size: 16px;">3、局部增加相关区域的饱和度,让色彩鲜艳明丽</span></strong><span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-size: 16px;"><br/></span></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">(1)HSL面板调整颜色</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">通过前面的调整可以看出天空还是发灰,所以对蓝色单独进行调整,压暗明度提亮饱和度,让天空的颜色透彻和鲜艳一些。</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);"></span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/60/2018/0509/16/15258536465920711_200478990.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/60/2018/0509/16/15258536465920711_200478990.jpg" media_id="301439104"/></div><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/29/2018/0509/16/15258536467840292_200478990.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/29/2018/0509/16/15258536467840292_200478990.jpg" media_id="301439105"/></div><p><span style="font-size: 16px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">处理结果如下:</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);"></span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/64/2018/0509/16/15258536616855584_200478990.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/64/2018/0509/16/15258536616855584_200478990.jpg" media_id="301439106"/></div><p><strong><span style="font-size: 16px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">4、提亮人物,突出主体,形成鲜明对比</span></strong></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">用ps提亮人物实现通透肤色的方法有很多种,但是实际上我们在lightroom中就可以实现,秘诀就在于巧妙运用径向滤镜进行局部调整。</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">(1)径向滤镜调整</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">①径向滤镜位于直方图下方的工具条中,点击图标或者按快捷键shift+M打开渐变滤镜</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);"></span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/51/2018/0509/16/15258536959787687_200478990.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/51/2018/0509/16/15258536959787687_200478990.jpg" media_id="301439109"/></div><p><span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-size: 16px;">②在使用上,径向滤镜的使用方法类似于渐变滤镜。但是相比于渐变滤镜,调整内容更加局部化,但是边缘要比调整画笔更加规律。径向滤镜就好比在照片上画一个圈圈(椭圆形),然后只单独控制圈内或者圈外的参数(曝光、白平衡、对比度、鲜艳度等等)。操作上看,可以选择调整内容针对选区内的画面,也可以针对选区外的画面。</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);"></span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/59/2018/0509/16/15258537205863751_200478990.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/59/2018/0509/16/15258537205863751_200478990.jpg" media_id="301439111"/></div><p><span style="font-size: 16px;">反向蒙版勾选的意思就是对圆圈内部进行局部调整,反之对外部进行调整。</span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/27/2018/0509/16/15258543946560451_200478990.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/27/2018/0509/16/15258543946560451_200478990.jpg" media_id="301439313"/></div><p><span style="font-size: 16px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">③这里用了两个径向滤镜,分别提亮了模特脸部和整个身体区域,稍稍改变了当时的光比,幅度较小。使用径向滤镜调整的目的在于:一是主要对人的肤色进行局部提亮,让皮肤看起来更加的通透不发灰;二是让婚纱看起来更加纯白,凸显人物主体。</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);"></span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/40/2018/0509/16/15258537563096180_200478990.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/40/2018/0509/16/15258537563096180_200478990.jpg" media_id="301439115"/></div><p><span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0);"><span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-size: 16px;">处理结果如下:</span><span style="font-size: 16px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);"></span><br/></span></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);"></span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/05/2018/0509/16/15258537774293316_200478990.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/05/2018/0509/16/15258537774293316_200478990.jpg" media_id="301439131"/></div><p><strong><span style="font-size: 16px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">5.导入Photoshop处理</span></strong></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">(1)对人脸和身形进行液化和磨皮。磨皮插件我们运用的是DDR(这里就不多说了,以后会专门出一个磨皮教程)</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">(2)用调整面板-可选颜色进一步调整色彩。主要调整红色和人物肤色还有婚纱的白色,让这些颜色更加通透</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);"></span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/93/2018/0509/16/15258538145677987_200478990.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/93/2018/0509/16/15258538145677987_200478990.jpg" media_id="301439144"/></div><p><span style="font-size: 16px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">(3)运用曲线微调,稍微画面亮度</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);"></span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/52/2018/0509/16/15258538381590822_200478990.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/52/2018/0509/16/15258538381590822_200478990.jpg" media_id="301439145"/></div><p><span style="font-size: 16px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">(4)最后看感觉最后微调下清晰度和对比度,锐化出图</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);"></span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/69/2018/0509/16/15258538633743368_200478990.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/69/2018/0509/16/15258538633743368_200478990.jpg" media_id="301439147"/></div><p><span style="font-size: 16px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">好啦,教程结束了,但是我们不妨试试,如果换一种剪裁思路和后期方向的话,<span style="font-size: 16px;">是不是这样照片又有了另一种感觉呢。</span></span></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);"></span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/19/2018/0509/16/15258538815238250_200478990.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/19/2018/0509/16/15258538815238250_200478990.jpg" media_id="301439148"/></div><section class="_135editor" data-tools="135编辑器" data-id="92498" style="border: 0px none;" data-color="#59c3f9" data-custom="#59c3f9"><section style="display: flex;justify-content:center;padding:15px 0px;"><section style="background-image:url(http://mpt.135editor.com/mmbiz_png/fgnkxfGnnkQXVPLhWQdgHWL8y6RepLIPGNFnzEHc7x13lysibUpIZnmjqSfAlgPiclK9KlIfOuUf3nUibcenu68Uw/0?wx_fmt=png);background-position:left top;background-repeat: no-repeat;background-size: 30px;"><section style="background-image:url(http://mpt.135editor.com/mmbiz_png/fgnkxfGnnkQXVPLhWQdgHWL8y6RepLIP3qrOYUbkicxbgnhiaS5zZNUWvNtiaMl52kZGzQjXiabTbPsjW4cWYiaNKhw/0?wx_fmt=png);background-position: right bottom;background-size: 30px;background-repeat: no-repeat;padding: 8px 12px;"><section style="padding: 0px 20px; line-height: 30px; background-color: #59c3f9; font-size: 16px; color: #ffffff;" class="135brush" data-brushtype="text"><strong>该组其他作品</strong></section></section></section></section></section><p><span style="font-size: 16px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);"></span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/46/2018/0509/16/15258539134307270_200478990.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/46/2018/0509/16/15258539134307270_200478990.jpg" media_id="301439152"/></div><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/65/2018/0509/16/15258539104454550_200478990.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/65/2018/0509/16/15258539104454550_200478990.jpg" media_id="301439150"/></div><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/70/2018/0509/16/15258539113599928_200478990.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/70/2018/0509/16/15258539113599928_200478990.jpg" media_id="301439151"/></div><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/87/2018/0509/16/15258539146092863_200478990.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/87/2018/0509/16/15258539146092863_200478990.jpg" media_id="301439154"/></div><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/25/2018/0509/16/15258539134102703_200478990.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/25/2018/0509/16/15258539134102703_200478990.jpg" media_id="301439153"/></div><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/59/2018/0509/16/15258539151519529_200478990.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/59/2018/0509/16/15258539151519529_200478990.jpg" media_id="301439155"/></div>
  • 实战技巧
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  • lightroom
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