大疆航拍 APP
<section data-role="paragraph" class="_135editor" style="border: 0px none;"><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="font-size: 16px;"><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63);">花卉摄影的构图是拍摄者为了<strong>表现作品的主题思想和美感和效果</strong>,在一定的时</span><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); caret-color: red;">间、空间,安排和处理花卉和其他物体的关系和位置,将个别或局部的形象组成一个艺术的整体。</span></span><span style="font-size: 16px; color: rgb(63, 63, 63);">构图的精湛程度直接关系到一幅作品意境的高低,故而</span><span style="font-size: 16px; color: rgb(63, 63, 63); caret-color: red;">构图要具有审美性。</span></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); caret-color: red; font-size: 16px;"><br/></span></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="font-size: 16px; color: rgb(63, 63, 63); caret-color: red;">作为拍摄者,要<strong>善于观察大自然并将这种视觉感受表现在画面上</strong>。将构思中已典型化的花、人或其他景物加以强调、突出,舍弃一般的、表面的、烦琐的、次要的东西,并恰当地安排陪体,选择环境,使作品高于现实生活,以增强艺术效果。</span></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><br/></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="font-size: 16px;"><span style="font-size: 16px; color: rgb(63, 63, 63);">无论是拍摄哪一个种类的花卉,构图的好坏将直接影响画面的美感,摄影构图</span><span style="font-size: 16px; color: rgb(63, 63, 63); caret-color: red;">的画面设计最重要的一点就是保证<strong>构图的均衡美</strong>。一幅画面在一般情况下应该是均衡的、稳定的,使人感到安定、和谐、完整。</span></span></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); caret-color: red; font-size: 16px;"><br/></span></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="font-size: 16px;"><span style="font-size: 16px; color: rgb(63, 63, 63);">其实构图就是处理好</span><strong><span style="font-size: 16px; color: rgb(63, 63, 63); caret-color: red;">主体在画面的位置和地位、陪体在画面的地位和作用、环境对烘托主体的作用、画面空白的留取、 画面要达到整体的均衡</span></strong><span style="font-size: 16px; color: rgb(63, 63, 63); caret-color: red;">这五点,那结合摄影实践,今天我们就来谈谈花卉摄影的构图方式有哪些吧~</span></span></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;"> </span></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="font-size: 16px; color: #3f3f3f;"></span></p><section class="_135editor" data-tools="135编辑器" data-id="92517" style="border: 0px none;"><section style="justify-content: center;-webkit-justify-content: center;display: flex;display: -webkit-flex;padding-top: 10px;"><section style="border: 1px solid #3f3e3f;border-top: none;border-right: none;border-left: none;"><section style="display: flex;justify-content: flex-start;margin-bottom: -10px;margin-left: -7px;z-index: 9999;"><section style="width:25px;background: #fff;padding-right: 10px;"><div><div><div><div class="image-package"><img style="width: 100%;margin-bottom: -36px;" src="http://mpt.135editor.com/mmbiz_png/YUyZ7AOL3oljUFVrq4eaAdanjbIWXiauudmjEWbBILgrrG5vSWfcmAMegiauMMsxghhdCrUIHw2c2cldVAhXqmibA/0?wx_fmt=png" data-width="100%"/></div></div></div></div></section></section><section style="border: 1px solid #ffd100;padding: 6px 15px 6px 20px;border-bottom: none;border-left: none;letter-spacing: 2px;color: #3f3e3f;" class="135brush" data-brushtype="text"><span style="color: #3f3f3f;">1.黄金分割构图</span></section><section style="display: flex;justify-content: flex-end;margin-bottom: -3px;"><section style="width:10px;height:5px;background: #fff;margin-right: -5px;margin-top: -2px;"></section></section></section></section></section><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="font-size: 16px; color: #3f3f3f;"></span></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="font-size: 16px; color: #3f3f3f;"><br/></span></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><br/></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="font-size: 16px; color: #3f3f3f;">黄金分割构图具体可以分为<strong>黄金分割线、黄金矩形和黄金螺旋</strong>,<strong>九宫格</strong>也是黄金分割的衍生,我将它也归为黄金分割构图。</span></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="font-size: 16px; color: #3f3f3f;"><br/></span></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="font-size: 16px; color: #3f3f3f;">黄金分割法,就是把一条直线段分成两部分,其中较小部分与较大部分的比值等于较大部分与全部线段的比值,如右图所示,a/b=b/c,其中比值约为0.618,这种比例也称黄金律。</span></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="font-size: 16px; color: #3f3f3f;"></span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/46/2018/0704/19/15307020565732782_200330784.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/46/2018/0704/19/15307020565732782_200330784.jpg" media_id="302311176"/></div><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><br/></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px; text-align: center;"><span style="font-size: 16px; color: #3f3f3f;"><br/></span></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px; text-align: center;"><span style="font-size: 16px; color: #3f3f3f;">这是基本的黄金分割方式,又衍生了<strong>黄金三角与黄金螺旋</strong>。</span></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="font-size: 16px; color: #3f3f3f;"><br/></span></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="font-size: 16px; color: #3f3f3f;"></span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/26/2018/0704/19/15307023116877644_200330784.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/26/2018/0704/19/15307023116877644_200330784.jpg" media_id="302311180"/></div><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><br/><span style="font-size: 16px; color: #3f3f3f;"></span></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;">在摄影构图中,可以用概略方法,在画面画井字,将画面分成9个相等的方块,称为九宫格,直线和横线相交的4个点称为黄金分割点。在拍摄花卉时,可以<strong>将花卉主体放在这些视觉交叉点上</strong>。</span></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;"><br/></span></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;"></span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/08/2018/0704/19/15307023625656275_200330784.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/08/2018/0704/19/15307023625656275_200330784.jpg" media_id="302311182"/></div><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><br/><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;"></span></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="font-size: 16px; color: #3f3f3f;"></span></p><section class="_135editor" data-tools="135编辑器" data-id="92517" style="border: 0px none;"><section style="justify-content: center;-webkit-justify-content: center;display: flex;display: -webkit-flex;padding-top: 10px;"><section style="border: 1px solid #3f3e3f;border-top: none;border-right: none;border-left: none;"><section style="display: flex;justify-content: flex-start;margin-bottom: -10px;margin-left: -7px;z-index: 9999;"><section style="width:25px;background: #fff;padding-right: 10px;"><div><div><div><div class="image-package"><img style="width: 100%;margin-bottom: -36px;" src="http://mpt.135editor.com/mmbiz_png/YUyZ7AOL3oljUFVrq4eaAdanjbIWXiauudmjEWbBILgrrG5vSWfcmAMegiauMMsxghhdCrUIHw2c2cldVAhXqmibA/0?wx_fmt=png" data-width="100%"/></div></div></div></div></section></section><section style="border: 1px solid #ffd100;padding: 6px 15px 6px 20px;border-bottom: none;border-left: none;letter-spacing: 2px;color: #3f3e3f;" class="135brush" data-brushtype="text"><span style="color: #3f3f3f;">2.对称式构图</span></section><section style="display: flex;justify-content: flex-end;margin-bottom: -3px;"><section style="width:10px;height:5px;background: #fff;margin-right: -5px;margin-top: -2px;"></section></section></section></section></section><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="font-size: 16px; color: #3f3f3f;"></span></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><br/></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="font-size: 16px; color: #3f3f3f;"><br/></span></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;">对称式构图可以上下对称也可以<strong>左右对称</strong>,或者<strong>上下左右都对称</strong>,花朵的形态图案很多都是对称性的,如下图所示,这种极其对称的花的形态图案又可以看作<strong>放射性构图</strong>,具有视觉冲击力。</span></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;"><br/></span></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;"></span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/68/2018/0704/19/15307025231944476_200330784.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/68/2018/0704/19/15307025231944476_200330784.jpg" media_id="302311210"/></div><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><br/><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;"></span></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="font-size: 16px; color: #3f3f3f;"></span></p><section class="_135editor" data-tools="135编辑器" data-id="92517" style="border: 0px none;"><section style="justify-content: center;-webkit-justify-content: center;display: flex;display: -webkit-flex;padding-top: 10px;"><section style="border: 1px solid #3f3e3f;border-top: none;border-right: none;border-left: none;"><section style="display: flex;justify-content: flex-start;margin-bottom: -10px;margin-left: -7px;z-index: 9999;"><section style="width:25px;background: #fff;padding-right: 10px;"><div><div><div><div class="image-package"><img style="width: 100%; margin-bottom: -36px; float: none; display: inline;" src="http://mpt.135editor.com/mmbiz_png/YUyZ7AOL3oljUFVrq4eaAdanjbIWXiauudmjEWbBILgrrG5vSWfcmAMegiauMMsxghhdCrUIHw2c2cldVAhXqmibA/0?wx_fmt=png" data-width="100%"/></div></div></div></div></section></section><section style="border: 1px solid #ffd100;padding: 6px 15px 6px 20px;border-bottom: none;border-left: none;letter-spacing: 2px;color: #3f3e3f;" class="135brush" data-brushtype="text"><span style="color: #3f3f3f;">3.线性构图</span></section><section style="display: flex;justify-content: flex-end;margin-bottom: -3px;"><section style="width:10px;height:5px;background: #fff;margin-right: -5px;margin-top: -2px;"></section></section></section></section></section><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="font-size: 16px; color: #3f3f3f;"></span></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="font-size: 16px; color: #3f3f3f;"><br/></span></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><br/></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="font-size: 16px; color: #3f3f3f;">线性构图主要有<strong>对角线构图、曲线构图、平行线构图、斜线式构图、放射式构图</strong>等,是通过一些有规律的线性排列组合成作品的构图方法。</span></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="font-size: 16px; color: #3f3f3f;"><br/></span></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="font-size: 16px; color: #3f3f3f;"></span></p><section class="_135editor" data-tools="135编辑器" data-id="87856" style="border: 0px none;" data-color="#ffc46a" data-custom="#ffc46a"><section style="margin: 1em 0px; color: #333333; font-size: 14px; line-height: 20px; text-align: left; clear: both;"><section style="display: inline-block; padding: 5px 10px; color: #d07c00; font-weight: bold; border-top-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-right-radius: 3px; background-color: #ffecd0;" class="135brush" data-bgless="lighten" data-brushtype="text" data-bglessp="20%">①对角线构图</section></section></section><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><strong><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;">将主体安排在对角线上</span></strong><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;">,能有效利用画面对角线的长度,同时也能使陪体与主体发生直接关系,使构图显得活泼。</span><br/></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;"><br/></span></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;"></span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/87/2018/0704/19/15307035111033905_200330784.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/87/2018/0704/19/15307035111033905_200330784.jpg" media_id="302360707"/></div><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><br/></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="font-size: 16px; color: #3f3f3f;"></span></p><section class="_135editor" data-tools="135编辑器" data-id="87856" style="border: 0px none;" data-color="#ffc46a" data-custom="#ffc46a"><section style="margin: 1em 0px; color: #333333; font-size: 14px; line-height: 20px; text-align: left; clear: both;"><section style="display: inline-block; padding: 5px 10px; color: #d07c00; font-weight: bold; border-top-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-right-radius: 3px; background-color: #ffecd0;" class="135brush" data-bgless="lighten" data-brushtype="text" data-bglessp="20%">②曲线构图</section></section></section><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="font-size: 16px; color: #3f3f3f;">曲线构图画面上的景物呈S形或螺纹形曲线的构图形式,具有<strong>延长、变化</strong>的特点,使</span><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;">画面看上去更生动,产生优美、雅致、协调的感觉。</span></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;"><br/></span></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="font-size: 16px; color: #3f3f3f;"></span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/65/2018/0704/19/15307035599424272_200330784.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/65/2018/0704/19/15307035599424272_200330784.jpg" media_id="302360711"/></div><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><br/><span style="font-size: 16px; color: #3f3f3f;"></span></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="font-size: 16px; color: #3f3f3f;"></span></p><section class="_135editor" data-tools="135编辑器" data-id="87856" style="border: 0px none;" data-color="#ffc46a" data-custom="#ffc46a"><section style="margin: 1em 0px; color: #333333; font-size: 14px; line-height: 20px; text-align: left; clear: both;"><section style="display: inline-block; padding: 5px 10px; color: #d07c00; font-weight: bold; border-top-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-right-radius: 3px; background-color: #ffecd0;" class="135brush" data-bgless="lighten" data-brushtype="text" data-bglessp="20%">③平行线构图</section></section></section><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="font-size: 16px; color: #3f3f3f;"></span></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;">拍摄主体位于相互平行的区域内,<strong>平行线可以有任何角度</strong>,有疏有密。</span><br/></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;"><br/></span></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;"></span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/36/2018/0704/19/15307035944522468_200330784.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/36/2018/0704/19/15307035944522468_200330784.jpg" media_id="302360715"/></div><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><br/></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="font-size: 16px; color: #3f3f3f;"></span></p><section class="_135editor" data-tools="135编辑器" data-id="87856" style="border: 0px none;" data-color="#ffc46a" data-custom="#ffc46a"><section style="margin: 1em 0px; color: #333333; font-size: 14px; line-height: 20px; text-align: left; clear: both;"><section style="display: inline-block; padding: 5px 10px; color: #d07c00; font-weight: bold; border-top-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-right-radius: 3px; background-color: #ffecd0;" class="135brush" data-bgless="lighten" data-brushtype="text" data-bglessp="20%">④放射式或向心式构图</section></section></section><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="font-size: 16px; color: #3f3f3f;"></span></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;">放射式构图<strong>以主体为核心,呈向四周扩散、放射</strong>的构图形式。有开阔、舒展、扩散的作用。向心式构图的主体处于中心位置,而四周景物呈向中心集中的构图形式,能将观者的视线有效地引向主体中心,并起到<strong>聚集的作用,具有突出主体</strong>的鲜明特点,但<strong>有时也可以</strong><strong>产生压迫中心、局促沉重</strong>的感觉。</span><br/></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;"><br/></span></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;"></span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/01/2018/0704/19/15307036529469125_200330784.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/01/2018/0704/19/15307036529469125_200330784.jpg" media_id="302360723"/></div><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><br/><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;"></span></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="font-size: 16px; color: #3f3f3f;"></span></p><section class="_135editor" data-tools="135编辑器" data-id="87856" style="border: 0px none;" data-color="#ffc46a" data-custom="#ffc46a"><section style="margin: 1em 0px; color: #333333; font-size: 14px; line-height: 20px; text-align: left; clear: both;"><section style="display: inline-block; padding: 5px 10px; color: #d07c00; font-weight: bold; border-top-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-right-radius: 3px; background-color: #ffecd0;" class="135brush" data-bgless="lighten" data-brushtype="text" data-bglessp="20%">⑤斜线式构图</section></section></section><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="font-size: 16px; color: #3f3f3f;"></span></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;">包含<strong>立式斜线和平式斜线</strong>两种,斜线在画面中起引导作用。</span><br/></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;"><br/></span></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;"></span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/86/2018/0704/19/15307036825218645_200330784.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/86/2018/0704/19/15307036825218645_200330784.jpg" media_id="302360727"/></div><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><br/><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;"></span></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="font-size: 16px; color: #3f3f3f;"></span></p><section class="_135editor" data-tools="135编辑器" data-id="92517" style="border: 0px none;"><section style="justify-content: center;-webkit-justify-content: center;display: flex;display: -webkit-flex;padding-top: 10px;"><section style="border: 1px solid #3f3e3f;border-top: none;border-right: none;border-left: none;"><section style="display: flex;justify-content: flex-start;margin-bottom: -10px;margin-left: -7px;z-index: 9999;"><section style="width:25px;background: #fff;padding-right: 10px;"><div><div><div class="image-package"><img style="width: 100%;margin-bottom: -36px;" src="http://mpt.135editor.com/mmbiz_png/YUyZ7AOL3oljUFVrq4eaAdanjbIWXiauudmjEWbBILgrrG5vSWfcmAMegiauMMsxghhdCrUIHw2c2cldVAhXqmibA/0?wx_fmt=png" data-width="100%"/></div></div></div></section></section><section style="border: 1px solid #ffd100;padding: 6px 15px 6px 20px;border-bottom: none;border-left: none;letter-spacing: 2px;color: #3f3e3f;" class="135brush" data-brushtype="text"><span style="color: #3f3f3f;">4.几何形构图</span></section><section style="display: flex;justify-content: flex-end;margin-bottom: -3px;"><section style="width:10px;height:5px;background: #fff;margin-right: -5px;margin-top: -2px;"></section></section></section></section></section><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="font-size: 16px; color: #3f3f3f;"></span></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="font-size: 16px; color: #3f3f3f;"><br/></span></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><br/></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;">主体组合成一些几何形状,形成稳固的画面,最常见的三角形构图<strong>以3个视觉中心为景物的主要位置</strong>,有时是以三点成一面的几何形来安排景物的位置,形成一个稳定的三角形。这种三角形可以是正三角形,也可以是斜三角形或倒三角形。其中斜三角形较为常用,也较为灵活,三角形构图还具有稳定、均衡、灵活等特点。</span></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;"><br/></span></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;"></span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/23/2018/0704/19/15307037527111245_200330784.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/23/2018/0704/19/15307037527111245_200330784.jpg" media_id="302360743"/></div><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><br/><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;"></span></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="font-size: 16px; color: #3f3f3f;"></span></p><section class="_135editor" data-tools="135编辑器" data-id="92517" style="border: 0px none;"><section style="justify-content: center;-webkit-justify-content: center;display: flex;display: -webkit-flex;padding-top: 10px;"><section style="border: 1px solid #3f3e3f;border-top: none;border-right: none;border-left: none;"><section style="display: flex;justify-content: flex-start;margin-bottom: -10px;margin-left: -7px;z-index: 9999;"><section style="width:25px;background: #fff;padding-right: 10px;"><div><div class="image-package"><img style="width: 100%;margin-bottom: -36px;" src="http://mpt.135editor.com/mmbiz_png/YUyZ7AOL3oljUFVrq4eaAdanjbIWXiauudmjEWbBILgrrG5vSWfcmAMegiauMMsxghhdCrUIHw2c2cldVAhXqmibA/0?wx_fmt=png" data-width="100%"/></div></div></section></section><section style="border: 1px solid #ffd100;padding: 6px 15px 6px 20px;border-bottom: none;border-left: none;letter-spacing: 2px;color: #3f3e3f;" class="135brush" data-brushtype="text"><span style="color: #3f3f3f;">5.框架式构图</span></section><section style="display: flex;justify-content: flex-end;margin-bottom: -3px;"><section style="width:10px;height:5px;background: #fff;margin-right: -5px;margin-top: -2px;"></section></section></section></section></section><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="font-size: 16px; color: #3f3f3f;"></span></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="font-size: 16px; color: #3f3f3f;"><br/></span></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><br/></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="font-size: 16px; color: #3f3f3f;">选择框架式前景将观众的视线引向框架内的景物,突出主体,将主体影像包围起来,形成一种框架以营造一种神秘气氛。框架式构图有助于<strong>将主体影像与风景融为一体</strong>,赋予照片更多的视觉冲击。大家应留心诠释主体影像的不同方式,多花时间观察拍摄主体,绕拍摄主体多走走,当拍摄者从不同视角审视拍摄主体时,就会发现可供拍摄的角度其实有很多。</span></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="font-size: 16px; color: #3f3f3f;"><br/></span></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="font-size: 16px; color: #3f3f3f;"></span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/66/2018/0704/19/15307039151593948_200330784.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/66/2018/0704/19/15307039151593948_200330784.jpg" media_id="302360765"/></div><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><br/><span style="font-size: 16px; color: #3f3f3f;"></span></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="font-size: 16px; color: #3f3f3f;"></span></p><section class="_135editor" data-tools="135编辑器" data-id="92517" style="border: 0px none;"><section style="justify-content: center;-webkit-justify-content: center;display: flex;display: -webkit-flex;padding-top: 10px;"><section style="border: 1px solid #3f3e3f;border-top: none;border-right: none;border-left: none;"><section style="display: flex;justify-content: flex-start;margin-bottom: -10px;margin-left: -7px;z-index: 9999;"><section style="width:25px;background: #fff;padding-right: 10px;"><div class="image-package"><img style="width: 100%;margin-bottom: -36px;" src="http://mpt.135editor.com/mmbiz_png/YUyZ7AOL3oljUFVrq4eaAdanjbIWXiauudmjEWbBILgrrG5vSWfcmAMegiauMMsxghhdCrUIHw2c2cldVAhXqmibA/0?wx_fmt=png" data-width="100%"/></div></section></section><section style="border: 1px solid #ffd100;padding: 6px 15px 6px 20px;border-bottom: none;border-left: none;letter-spacing: 2px;color: #3f3e3f;" class="135brush" data-brushtype="text"><span style="color: #3f3f3f;">6.散漫式构图</span></section><section style="display: flex;justify-content: flex-end;margin-bottom: -3px;"><section style="width:10px;height:5px;background: #fff;margin-right: -5px;margin-top: -2px;"></section></section></section></section></section><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="font-size: 16px; color: #3f3f3f;"></span></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="font-size: 16px; color: #3f3f3f;"><br/></span></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><br/></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="font-size: 16px; color: #3f3f3f;">散漫式构图显示出某种随意性,将看似过多的主体随意地放在画面中的任何地方,给人一种散乱而漫不经心的感觉,但是仔细端详画面,会发现<strong>乱中呈现出一种规律</strong>。</span></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="font-size: 16px; color: #3f3f3f;"><br/></span></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="font-size: 16px; color: #3f3f3f;"></span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/19/2018/0704/19/15307039545777639_200330784.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/19/2018/0704/19/15307039545777639_200330784.jpg" media_id="302360769"/></div><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><br/></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="font-size: 16px; color: #3f3f3f;">以上构图方式都是属于<strong>封闭式构图</strong>。首先封闭式构图对主体的处理,一般会将主体安排在几何形中心或趣味中心,形成一种完整感,全景也是如此,即使是拍特写近景也讲究画面<strong>结构的完整性</strong>;其次封闭式构图十分<strong>讲究构图均衡</strong>。比如,拍摄花朵,花朵处在画面的一侧,另一侧就有一定的视觉形象造成均衡格局,</span><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;">也可以将花朵安排在画面四周任何一角,但其视线是向心的,必须在视线前方留有适当空间。</span></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;"><br/></span></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;">封闭式构图的这些特点,反映了传统的构图规律,讲究画面完整性。比如,拍花朵的特写镜头,<strong>虽然是表现花朵的局部,也应该注意画面结构的完整性。</strong></span></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><br/></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="font-size: 16px; color: #3f3f3f;"></span></p><section class="_135editor" data-tools="135编辑器" data-id="92517" style="border: 0px none;"><section style="justify-content: center;-webkit-justify-content: center;display: flex;display: -webkit-flex;padding-top: 10px;"><section style="border: 1px solid #3f3e3f;border-top: none;border-right: none;border-left: none;"><section style="display: flex;justify-content: flex-start;margin-bottom: -10px;margin-left: -7px;z-index: 9999;"><section style="width:25px;background: #fff;padding-right: 10px;"><div class="image-package"><img style="width: 100%;margin-bottom: -36px;" src="http://mpt.135editor.com/mmbiz_png/YUyZ7AOL3oljUFVrq4eaAdanjbIWXiauudmjEWbBILgrrG5vSWfcmAMegiauMMsxghhdCrUIHw2c2cldVAhXqmibA/0?wx_fmt=png" data-width="100%"/></div></section></section><section style="border: 1px solid #ffd100;padding: 6px 15px 6px 20px;border-bottom: none;border-left: none;letter-spacing: 2px;color: #3f3e3f;" class="135brush" data-brushtype="text"><span style="color: #3f3f3f;">7.开放式构图</span></section><section style="display: flex;justify-content: flex-end;margin-bottom: -3px;"><section style="width:10px;height:5px;background: #fff;margin-right: -5px;margin-top: -2px;"></section></section></section></section></section><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><span style="font-size: 16px; color: #3f3f3f;"></span></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><br/></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;"><br/></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px; text-align: left; text-indent: 0em;"><span style="font-size: 16px; color: #3f3f3f;"><span style="font-size: 16px;">而开放式构图不受这种限制,经常<strong>处于完整与不完整性变化之中</strong>,不将观众的视觉感受局限在可视的画框之内,而是有意引导观众突破画框,产生更广泛的画外空间的联想。</span>如下图所示,拍摄半朵花,采用就是开放式构图。</span></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px; text-align: left; text-indent: 0em;"><span style="font-size: 16px; color: #3f3f3f;"><br/></span></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px; text-align: left; text-indent: 0em;"><span style="font-size: 16px; color: #3f3f3f;"></span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/72/2018/0704/19/15307044117689427_200330784.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/72/2018/0704/19/15307044117689427_200330784.jpg" media_id="302360841"/></div><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px; text-align: left; text-indent: 0em;"><span style="font-size: 16px; color: #3f3f3f;"></span><br/></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px; text-align: left; text-indent: 0em;"><br/></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px; text-align: center; text-indent: 0em;"><span style="font-size: 16px; color: #3f3f3f;">好啦,这次的花卉摄影构图的讲解到这里就讲完啦,想要知道更多关于花卉摄影的知识<strong>可以购买下面的书籍</strong>!</span></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px; text-indent: 0em; text-align: center;"><span style="font-size: 14px; color: rgb(127, 127, 127);">(我知道你们都是很勤奋好学的!)</span><span style="font-size: 16px; color: #3f3f3f;"><br/></span></p><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px; text-indent: 0em;"><span style="font-size: 14px; color: rgb(127, 127, 127);"></span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/45/2018/0704/19/15307045755166612_200330784.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1001.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/45/2018/0704/19/15307045755166612_200330784.jpg" media_id="302360855"/></div><p style="line-height: 1.75em; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px; text-indent: 0em;"><span style="font-size: 14px; color: rgb(127, 127, 127);"></span></p><p style="font-size: 16px; text-align: center;"><span style="font-size: 14px; color: rgb(127, 127, 127);">《不负芳华——花卉摄影技法完全宝典》<br style=""/></span></p><p style="text-align: center;"><span style="color:#7f7f7f">本书共11章,从拍摄器材对花卉摄影的影响讲起,</span></p><p style="text-align: center;"><span style="color:#7f7f7f">分别介绍了花卉摄影的相机设置、曝光方式、构图、光线选择及色彩运用等基础知识,</span></p><p style="text-align: center;"><span style="color:#7f7f7f">由浅入深地讲解了提升花卉摄影拍摄水平的基本技巧及创意拍摄技巧,</span></p><p style="text-align: center;"><span style="color:#7f7f7f">并以26种花卉为例分门别类进行剖析解读。</span></p><p style="font-size: 16px;"><br/></p><p style="font-size: 16px; text-align: center;"><span style="font-size: 14px; color: rgb(127, 127, 127);">作者:葛宏军<br style=""/></span></p><p style="font-size: 16px; text-align: center;"><span style="font-size: 14px; color: rgb(127, 127, 127);"><br style=""/></span></p><p style="font-size: 16px; text-align: center;"><span style="font-size: 14px; color: rgb(127, 127, 127);">中国摄影家协会会员</span></p><p style="font-size: 16px; text-align: center;"><span style="font-size: 14px; color: rgb(127, 127, 127);"> 知名摄影博主</span></p><p style="font-size: 16px; text-align: center;"><span style="font-size: 14px; color: rgb(127, 127, 127);">用影像感知花卉世界!</span></p></section>
  • 生态
  • 花卉摄影
  • 构图
  • 三分法
  • 摄影技巧
  • 风景
  • 花草