大疆航拍 APP
<section data-role="paragraph" style="border: 0px none;"><p><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;">阴雨天气里拍照总有那么一些些遗憾,那么如何让雨天灰蒙蒙的片子变得更加透亮,有意境呢?</span></p><p><br/></p><p><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;">今天我们就来一起学习一下吧!</span></p><p><br/></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/92/2018/1204/16/15439127849194617_200330784.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/92/2018/1204/16/15439127849194617_200330784.jpg" media_id="304531638"/></div><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/01/2018/1204/16/15439128028075500_200330784.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/01/2018/1204/16/15439128028075500_200330784.jpg" media_id="304531640"/></div><p><br/></p><p><br/></p><section class="_135editor" data-tools="135编辑器" data-id="94060" style="border: 0px none;"><section style="text-align: center;padding-top:0px;"><section style="display: inline-block;border: 1px solid #aeaeae;"><section style="display: inline-block;margin: 0px auto;color:#3f3f3f;letter-spacing:1.5px;text-align: center;font-size:16px;padding:6px 1em;" class="135brush" data-brushtype="text">分析原片</section></section><section style="text-align: center;margin-top: -14px;"><section style="display: inline-block;background: rgb(254,254,254);padding: 4px;"><section style="width: 7px;height: 2px;background:#aeaeae;transform: rotate(45deg);-webkit-transform: rotate(45deg);-moz-transform: rotate(45deg);-o-transform: rotate(45deg);"></section><section style="width:7px;height: 2px;background:#aeaeae;margin-left:10px;margin-top:-2px;transform: rotate(45deg);-webkit-transform: rotate(45deg);-moz-transform: rotate(45deg);-o-transform: rotate(45deg);"></section></section></section></section></section><p><br/></p><p><br/></p><p><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;">首先,我们先分析原片:当天所用设备是尼康,天气阴沉,对残幅来说是很难受了,个人习惯把原片压暗一点以更好保留细节。</span></p><p><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;"><br/></span></p><p><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;"></span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/61/2018/1204/16/15439128363923828_200330784.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/61/2018/1204/16/15439128363923828_200330784.jpg" media_id="304531642"/></div><p><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;"></span><br/></p><p><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;">可以看出原片偏灰,颜色整体偏黃,不是我想要的效果,我们先在LR里面调整一下。</span></p><p><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;"><br/></span></p><p><br/></p><section class="_135editor" data-tools="135编辑器" data-id="94060" style="border: 0px none;"><section style="text-align: center;padding-top:0px;"><section style="display: inline-block;border: 1px solid #aeaeae;"><section style="display: inline-block;margin: 0px auto;color:#3f3f3f;letter-spacing:1.5px;text-align: center;font-size:16px;padding:6px 1em;" class="135brush" data-brushtype="text">LR调色</section></section><section style="text-align: center;margin-top: -14px;"><section style="display: inline-block;background: rgb(254,254,254);padding: 4px;"><section style="width: 7px;height: 2px;background:#aeaeae;transform: rotate(45deg);-webkit-transform: rotate(45deg);-moz-transform: rotate(45deg);-o-transform: rotate(45deg);"></section><section style="width:7px;height: 2px;background:#aeaeae;margin-left:10px;margin-top:-2px;transform: rotate(45deg);-webkit-transform: rotate(45deg);-moz-transform: rotate(45deg);-o-transform: rotate(45deg);"></section></section></section></section></section><p><br/></p><p><br/></p><p><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;">首先把照片导入LR定整体基调。在动手之前,需要想好自己后期想要的效果。就这组照片而言,我想要的是中国山水画那种效果的。</span></p><p><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;"><br/></span></p><p><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;">中国山水画都是偏青、偏绿的,这组我想让它偏绿。在这里我没有动白平衡,只是动了曝光让画面更亮,画面更协调。曝光,对比度光,阴影等做了如下调整,目的是让画面更多的细节显现出来。清晰度减少,饱和度和鲜艳度都增加:</span></p><p><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;"><br/></span></p><p><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;"></span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/30/2018/1204/16/15439128904821265_200330784.png" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/30/2018/1204/16/15439128904821265_200330784.png" media_id="304531644"/></div><p><br/></p><p><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;">画面主要以绿色为主,黄色占有少量一部分,还有少量青色控制。把黄色整体色相朝绿色偏移,使画面色调更加统一、干净。绿色朝青色偏移,为照片增加古感;青色朝青蓝走,然后降低绿色的整体饱和度;增加绿色和青色明亮度,从而得到的画面更加干净。</span></p><p><br/></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/50/2018/1204/16/15439129795158279_200330784.png" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/50/2018/1204/16/15439129795158279_200330784.png" media_id="304531664"/></div><p><br/></p><p><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;">接下来调整“分离色调”和“相机校准”,得到下图:</span></p><p><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;"><br/></span></p><p><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;"></span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/55/2018/1204/16/15439130207187345_200330784.png" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/55/2018/1204/16/15439130207187345_200330784.png" media_id="304531706"/></div><p><br/></p><p><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;">LR调色前后对比:</span></p><p><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;"><br/></span></p><p><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;"></span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/98/2018/1204/16/15439130404864111_200330784.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/98/2018/1204/16/15439130404864111_200330784.jpg" media_id="304531710"/></div><p><br/></p><p><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;">细节的话在接下来会在PS里进行处理。</span></p><p><br/></p><p><br/></p><section class="_135editor" data-tools="135编辑器" data-id="94060" style="border: 0px none;"><section style="text-align: center;padding-top:0px;"><section style="display: inline-block;border: 1px solid #aeaeae;"><section style="display: inline-block;margin: 0px auto;color:#3f3f3f;letter-spacing:1.5px;text-align: center;font-size:16px;padding:6px 1em;" class="135brush" data-brushtype="text">PS细调</section></section><section style="text-align: center;margin-top: -14px;"><section style="display: inline-block;background: rgb(254,254,254);padding: 4px;"><section style="width: 7px;height: 2px;background:#aeaeae;transform: rotate(45deg);-webkit-transform: rotate(45deg);-moz-transform: rotate(45deg);-o-transform: rotate(45deg);"></section><section style="width:7px;height: 2px;background:#aeaeae;margin-left:10px;margin-top:-2px;transform: rotate(45deg);-webkit-transform: rotate(45deg);-moz-transform: rotate(45deg);-o-transform: rotate(45deg);"></section></section></section></section></section><p><br/></p><p><br/></p><p><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;">将LR中定好基调的照片导入PS进行细调。第一步,先液化磨皮,我这里放在了最后,就不再多说,主要说调色思路。</span></p><p><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;"><br/></span></p><p><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;"></span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/47/2018/1204/16/15439130895185671_200330784.png" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/47/2018/1204/16/15439130895185671_200330784.png" media_id="304531798"/></div><p><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;"></span><br/></p><p><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;">接下来我们盖印(CTRL+ALT+ SHIFT+E)可见。其实找了很多烟雾素材,但画出来都比较假,所以我这里就直接用画笔画了。首先,选择画笔工具,画笔大小先调合适大小,选取颜色,阴雨天雾偏灰,所以我先选了偏灰一点的:</span></p><p><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;"><br/></span></p><p><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;"></span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/04/2018/1204/16/15439131571895371_200330784.png" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/04/2018/1204/16/15439131571895371_200330784.png" media_id="304531806"/></div><p><br/></p><p><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;">画笔大小,不透明度如上图数据。先进行第一层雾的绘画,然后颜色选取逐渐上移,不透明度逐渐减少,对雾进行自然过渡处理:</span></p><p><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;"><br/></span></p><p><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;"></span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/20/2018/1204/16/15439131915471095_200330784.png" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/20/2018/1204/16/15439131915471095_200330784.png" media_id="304531812"/></div><p><br/><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;"></span></p><p><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;">接下来添加图层蒙版,切换前景色和背景色,选取黑色。首先,把刚才挡住人物的雾擦出来,这里不透明选取100%,身上的雾可以有所保留。</span></p><p><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;"><br/></span></p><p><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;"></span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/90/2018/1204/16/15439132105173854_200330784.png" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/90/2018/1204/16/15439132105173854_200330784.png" media_id="304531818"/></div><p><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;"></span><br/></p><p><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;">接下来不透明度调至18%左右,画笔大小调至1100+对画面整体先进行一次擦试,然后不透明度逐渐增加,画笔大小减小,对雾进行过渡,得到下图:</span></p><p><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;"><br/></span></p><p><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;"></span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/38/2018/1204/16/15439132325052824_200330784.png" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/38/2018/1204/16/15439132325052824_200330784.png" media_id="304531828"/></div><p><br/></p><p><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;">然后继续对雾进行调整,减小画笔,增加不透明度,将雾的覆盖范围再擦的更少一点,让画面更加自然,直到满意为止</span><span style="color: rgb(127, 127, 127);">(这个度依据自己想要的效果把控)</span><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;">。接着把不透明度调至100%,擦出没被雾遮挡的部分,得到下图效果:</span></p><p><br/></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/31/2018/1204/16/15439132671730834_200330784.png" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/31/2018/1204/16/15439132671730834_200330784.png" media_id="304531838"/></div><p><br/></p><p><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;">盖印可见图层,快捷键上面以说,然后选取滤镜, 在Camera raw滤镜中增加对比度:</span></p><p><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;"><br/></span></p><p><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;"></span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/39/2018/1204/16/15439132909377565_200330784.png" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/39/2018/1204/16/15439132909377565_200330784.png" media_id="304531842"/></div><p><br/></p><p><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;">随后观察画面我们可以发现:画面偏灰。于是我将绿色色相再向青色偏移,饱和度增加,让画面对比度更加明显,颜色更加青绿、偏古。</span></p><p><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;"><br/></span></p><p><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;"></span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/21/2018/1204/16/15439133131108109_200330784.png" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/21/2018/1204/16/15439133131108109_200330784.png" media_id="304531890"/></div><p><br/></p><p><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;">再次使用快捷键盖印可见图层,打开调整界面,选取曲线工具做以下调整,主要使增加画面对比度:</span></p><p><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;"><br/></span></p><p><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;"></span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/07/2018/1204/16/15439133387241948_200330784.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/07/2018/1204/16/15439133387241948_200330784.jpg" media_id="304531898"/></div><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/82/2018/1204/16/15439133525984464_200330784.png" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/82/2018/1204/16/15439133525984464_200330784.png" media_id="304531902"/></div><p><br/></p><p><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;">然后我对人物进行了液化磨皮,磨皮完毕后,再盖印可见图层,选取裁剪工具,将照片两端拉长,裁剪成电影比例:</span></p><p><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;"><br/></span></p><p><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;"></span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/71/2018/1204/16/15439133723380044_200330784.png" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/71/2018/1204/16/15439133723380044_200330784.png" media_id="304531908"/></div><p><br/></p><p><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;">然后选择矩形选框工具,选取照片左右各一部分</span><span style="color: rgb(127, 127, 127);">(这里记住,不要选取人物部分,因为会拉变形)</span><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;">,然后快捷键</span><span style="color: rgb(127, 127, 127);">(CTRL+T)</span><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;">将照片选中部分各向左右拉以盖住黑色背景,得到下图效果:</span></p><p><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;"><br/></span></p><p><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;"></span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/31/2018/1204/16/15439133945655533_200330784.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/31/2018/1204/16/15439133945655533_200330784.jpg" media_id="304531914"/></div><p><br/><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;"></span></p><p><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;">打开裁剪工具,顶端比例尺选择16:9,得到下图效果:</span></p><p><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;"><br/></span></p><p><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;"></span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/07/2018/1204/16/15439134288719256_200330784.png" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/07/2018/1204/16/15439134288719256_200330784.png" media_id="304531922"/></div><p><br/></p><p><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;">添加素材山的思路基本和加雾差不多:选择合适素材,加图层擦至合适效果就阔以了!</span></p><p><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;"><br/></span></p><p><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;"></span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/02/2018/1204/16/15439134538512828_200330784.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/02/2018/1204/16/15439134538512828_200330784.jpg" media_id="304531962"/></div><p><span style="color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-size: 16px;"></span><br/></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px;">到这里今天的教程分享基本上就结束啦,最后来看一下其他的成片效果吧!</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px;"><br/></span></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px;"></span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/39/2018/1204/16/15439134978187046_200330784.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/39/2018/1204/16/15439134978187046_200330784.jpg" media_id="304531998"/></div><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/38/2018/1204/16/15439135101310604_200330784.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/38/2018/1204/16/15439135101310604_200330784.jpg" media_id="304532002"/></div><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/92/2018/1204/16/15439135216196146_200330784.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/92/2018/1204/16/15439135216196146_200330784.jpg" media_id="304532026"/></div><p><span style="font-size: 16px;"></span><br/></p><p><strong style="font-size: 16px;"><br/></strong></p><p style="text-align: center;"><strong><span style="color: rgb(127, 127, 127);">(本文由 作者|南歌子丶 授权发布,未经许可,禁止转载)<br/></span></strong></p><p style="text-align: center;"><strong><span style="color: rgb(127, 127, 127);">微博@街角杂货铺丶</span></strong></p><p><br/></p></section>
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