大疆航拍 APP
<div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/33/2019/0911/16/15681921912106193_200478990.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/33/2019/0911/16/15681921912106193_200478990.jpg" media_id="308608533"/></div><p style="text-align: left;"><br/></p><p style="text-align: left;"><strong><span style="font-size: 16px;">教程目的:中灰调转档方法</span></strong></p><p><strong><span style="font-size: 16px;">教程重点:光影把控 对中灰调颜色的把控</span></strong></p><p><strong><span style="font-size: 16px;">教程难点:Camera Raw图片转档思路</span></strong></p><p><br/></p><div class="image-package" style="text-align: center;"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/32/2019/0911/16/15681922043581286_200478990.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/32/2019/0911/16/15681922043581286_200478990.jpg" media_id="308608535"/></div><p><br/></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px;">这是一张外景图片。现在比较流行的杂志片子是中性灰的一个调法。</span></p><p><br/></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px;">这张片子曝光没什么问题,高光区域稍微有点欠。中灰调最主要的方法技巧是减对比度,跟平时在转档片子时加对比度让片子看起来通透相反。商业片子有些要做得自然,把它的灰度调出来,让人看得更加真实,要的是灰灰的高级感,而不是很干净通透。</span></p><p><br/></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/35/2019/0911/16/15681922169442602_200478990.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/35/2019/0911/16/15681922169442602_200478990.jpg" media_id="308608537"/></div><p><br/></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px;">曝光稍加一点点,不要让人物脸部的高光溢出。最重要的是减对比度,让画面发灰。</span></p><p><br/></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/05/2019/0911/16/15681922284914789_200478990.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/05/2019/0911/16/15681922284914789_200478990.jpg" media_id="308608543"/></div><p><br/></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px;">高光压一下,让天空和衣服的层次有很好的提升;提一下阴影,头发的层次会好一些。压高光提阴影是让片子变平发灰的另一个重要方法。</span></p><p><br/></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/92/2019/0911/16/15681922348200048_200478990.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/92/2019/0911/16/15681922348200048_200478990.jpg" media_id="308608545"/></div><p><br/><span style="font-size: 16px;">白色控制整个照片,降低一下白色。前面一直在降低对比,黑色很少,加点黑色,稍稍去灰。</span></p><p><br/></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/42/2019/0911/16/15681922414891482_200478990.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/42/2019/0911/16/15681922414891482_200478990.jpg" media_id="308608549"/></div><p><br/></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px;">因为是女士、外景,清晰度不要加太大,一点点。片子上的太阳光不是很强,因为是外景,想做个暖色调,阳光的感觉,加点色温,让暗部要有点红色,漂一点洋红。</span></p><p><br/></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/16/2019/0911/16/15681922481900645_200478990.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/16/2019/0911/16/15681922481900645_200478990.jpg" media_id="308608551"/></div><p><span style="font-size: 16px;"> </span></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px;">饱和度过高,降一点点。</span></p><p><br/></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/83/2019/0911/16/15681922569334835_200478990.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/83/2019/0911/16/15681922569334835_200478990.jpg" media_id="308608553"/></div><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/32/2019/0911/16/15681922603069321_200478990.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/32/2019/0911/16/15681922603069321_200478990.jpg" media_id="308608555"/></div><p><br/></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px;">调整HSL,降低一点橙色的饱和度,让皮肤通透些,不那么燥。</span><br/></p><p><br/></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/69/2019/0911/16/15681922688239164_200478990.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/69/2019/0911/16/15681922688239164_200478990.jpg" media_id="308608557"/></div><p><br/><span style="font-size: 16px;">并将橙色的明度加亮一点点。</span></p><p><br/></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/80/2019/0911/16/15681922752871913_200478990.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/80/2019/0911/16/15681922752871913_200478990.jpg" media_id="308608561"/></div><p><br/><span style="font-size: 16px;">后面的杂草由黄色控制,可以稍微压暗些。唇色可以通过红色压暗点,不那么跳。</span></p><p><br/></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/99/2019/0911/16/15681922838784022_200478990.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/99/2019/0911/16/15681922838784022_200478990.jpg" media_id="308608563"/></div><p><br/><span style="font-size: 16px;">后面的绿色太抢眼,降低绿色的饱和度,尽量不要让它太抢眼。</span></p><p><br/></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/94/2019/0911/16/15681922895119325_200478990.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/94/2019/0911/16/15681922895119325_200478990.jpg" media_id="308608565"/></div><p><br/><span style="font-size: 16px;">绿色要是泛黄的绿,将色相中的绿色偏黄;片子有点偏红,让后面的杂草偏黄,黄色的色相也偏黄,故黄色加绿,远离橙色;人物的脸部也加点黄,不要那么红,故橙色加黄。</span></p><p><br/></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/07/2019/0911/16/15681922968549724_200478990.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/07/2019/0911/16/15681922968549724_200478990.jpg" media_id="308608567"/></div><p><br/></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px;">同时在校准中,将红色饱和度降低,蓝色饱和度加一点。</span></p><p><br/></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/70/2019/0911/16/15681923049903112_200478990.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/70/2019/0911/16/15681923049903112_200478990.jpg" media_id="308608569"/></div><p><br/><span style="font-size: 16px;">高光的区域需要一个黄色的渲染,分离色调,高光区调到黄色,加点饱和度,这就是那种很多杂志大片在乡间的感觉。</span></p><p><br/></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/95/2019/0911/16/15681923104380702_200478990.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/95/2019/0911/16/15681923104380702_200478990.jpg" media_id="308608571"/></div><p><br/><span style="font-size: 16px;">照片的暗部没有红色,人在阳光的照射下,受环境色的影响,暗部的脸部会稍勾出一点红色,所以阴影的饱和度提点饱和度,加点红。</span></p><p><br/></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/40/2019/0911/16/15681923165001289_200478990.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/40/2019/0911/16/15681923165001289_200478990.jpg" media_id="308608573"/></div><p><br/></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px;">回到基本,发现还可以提点色温,加黄,降低点自然饱和度。</span></p><p><br/></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/35/2019/0911/16/15681923231034477_200478990.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/35/2019/0911/16/15681923231034477_200478990.jpg" media_id="308608575"/></div><p><br/><span style="font-size: 16px;">我们就是要调成自然的感觉,最大的难点是在转片子的思路上,减对比度,光比拉小,而且不要让片子灰掉,就是要在降低对比度后在黑色上加点黑色。</span></p><p><br/></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/35/2019/0911/16/15681923306357149_200478990.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/35/2019/0911/16/15681923306357149_200478990.jpg" media_id="308608577"/></div><p><br/></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px;">在PS中打开图片,复制图层,先液化,修饰脸型,稍提一点额头顶部。</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px;"> </span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/24/2019/0911/16/15681923399076459_200478990.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/24/2019/0911/16/15681923399076459_200478990.jpg" media_id="308608579"/></div><p><span style="font-size: 16px;">脸部快速用修补工具清理一下一些瑕疵,不用过于精细,这种片子自然点反而更好。</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px;"> </span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/22/2019/0911/16/15681923462965729_200478990.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/22/2019/0911/16/15681923462965729_200478990.jpg" media_id="308608581"/></div><p><br/></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px;">双曲线磨皮,新建一明一暗两条曲线,并将蒙版反相为黑色。</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px;"> </span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/97/2019/0911/16/15681923558106937_200478990.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/97/2019/0911/16/15681923558106937_200478990.jpg" media_id="308608585"/></div><p><br/></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px;">观察组的建立方法有很多种,但核心都是将片子转为黑白,以免受颜色的干扰;然后就是加大对比,调整明暗的对比度。这里是采用新建一个空白图层,然后填充背景色黑色,再复制一个黑色图层,将这两个图层的混合模式一个改为颜色,一个改为柔光。这跟新建纯色调整层,填充黑色差不多。</span></p><p><br/></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px;">另一方面,为了进一步方便观察调整,在这两个黑色图层上新建立一个曲线调整图层,以便后期根据需要进行调整。</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px;"> </span></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px;">将这三个图层合并在一个组里面,为观察组。</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px;"> </span></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px;">中性灰下手特别狠,皮肤会出现颜色掉色的问题,所以这张片子没有采用中性灰去修。</span></p><p><br/></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/41/2019/0911/16/15681923648457372_200478990.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/41/2019/0911/16/15681923648457372_200478990.jpg" media_id="308608587"/></div><p><br/></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px;">在黑白的情况下,可以选择原图层,用污点修复工具进一步稍微修复那些小的瑕疵,黑点,它们在黑白模式下更明显。</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px;"> </span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/06/2019/0911/16/15681923753360759_200478990.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/06/2019/0911/16/15681923753360759_200478990.jpg" media_id="308608591"/></div><p><br/></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px;">注意污点修复工具的设置,不能是对所有图层取样,不要勾选对所有图层取样,会出现黑点,而应该设为对当前图层取样。</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px;"> </span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/24/2019/0911/16/15681923844027618_200478990.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/24/2019/0911/16/15681923844027618_200478990.jpg" media_id="308608593"/></div><p><br/></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px;">然后用白色画笔去涂抹双曲线的黑色蒙版,可以调整观察组的双曲线,特别是拉暗暗部,加大对比,可以使得黑色块更加突出。画笔流量可以设为100%,不透明度7%左右。这里修图不要求太进行,可以快速操作。</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px;"> </span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/12/2019/0911/16/15681923921544487_200478990.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/12/2019/0911/16/15681923921544487_200478990.jpg" media_id="308608595"/></div><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/98/2019/0911/16/15681923991199240_200478990.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/98/2019/0911/16/15681923991199240_200478990.jpg" media_id="308608597"/></div><p><span style="font-size: 16px;"> </span></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px;">可以看下对比:</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px;"><br/></span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/60/2019/0911/17/15681924104949852_200478990.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/60/2019/0911/17/15681924104949852_200478990.jpg" media_id="308608601"/></div><p><span style="font-size: 16px;"> </span></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px;">从纹理、轮廓到光影的明暗区域。像这种高光区域可以直接用画笔涂抹加强。</span></p><p><br/></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/93/2019/0911/17/15681924207542502_200478990.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/93/2019/0911/17/15681924207542502_200478990.jpg" media_id="308608603"/></div><p><span style="font-size: 16px;"> </span></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px;">眼睛可以提亮,更加有神。</span></p><p><br/></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/34/2019/0911/17/15681924273721980_200478990.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/34/2019/0911/17/15681924273721980_200478990.jpg" media_id="308608605"/></div><p><br/></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px;">关掉观察组的眼睛,盖印图层。发现发际线的颜色有点偏红。</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px;"> </span></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/37/2019/0911/17/15681924701458799_200478990.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/37/2019/0911/17/15681924701458799_200478990.jpg" media_id="308209436"/></div><p><br/><span style="font-size: 16px;">新建色相饱和度调整层,让它色偏一下,全图偏蓝。</span></p><p><br/></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/65/2019/0911/17/15681924633000356_200478990.jpg" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/65/2019/0911/17/15681924633000356_200478990.jpg" media_id="308209434"/></div><p><br/><span style="font-size: 16px;">反相蒙版,再用白色画笔擦出发际线部分,画笔不透明度仍是5%,纠正偏红。因为是暗部,在自然光的环境下会稍微反点红色。</span></p><p><br/></p><div class="image-package"><img style="max-width:100%;" class="" data-src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/51/2019/0911/17/15681925521320170_200478990.JPG" data-by-webuploader="true" src="http://img1002-c.pocoimg.cn/image/poco/works/51/2019/0911/17/15681925521320170_200478990.JPG" media_id="308209446"/></div><p style="font-size: 16px; text-align: center;"><span style="font-size: 14px;"><strong style=""><br/></strong></span></p><p style="font-size: 16px; text-align: center;"><span style="font-size: 14px;"><strong style="">(本文由 作者|胡辉朋 授权发布,未经许可,禁止转载) </strong></span></p>
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